The description of this GPV’s generation was first published in the journal "Technology for Youth" in 1982:
The GPV is a closed wheel with a 10-metre transverse diametre, which rests on a special flyover, installed along the equator. The height of the flyover varies from a few dozens to several hundred metres depending on a relief. On the ocean expanse, and they make up 76% of the length of the equatorial line, the flyover is placed on the floating supports, anchored at the ocean floor.
The process of GPV’s start looks as follows. It is known that a running magnetic field appears on the winding of the linear motor after the electric power has been submitted. In the hermetic channel, located on the axis of the GPV’s body, there is an infinite belt, which has a magnetic suspension and is a peculiar rotor of the engine. It is driven by current that will interact with the magnetic field that has spawned it, and the belt that does not experience any resistance (it is placed in a vacuum), comes into motion: more precisely, into rotation around the Earth. When the first cosmic velocity is reached, the belt will become weightless. At the further acceleration, its centrifugal force through a magnetic suspension will render on GPV’s body the increasing vertical lifting force, until it will balance each linear metre (for the GPV to become a sort of weightless).
Into the GPV, held on the flyover with a top belt, having a mass of 9 tons per metre and preliminary spun to a speed of 16 km/s, and, which is exactly the same, but lying still bottom belt, there are placed the cargo and the passengers. This is done mainly inside, and partially outside of the GPV’s body for the load to be evenly distributed along GPV’s length. After being released from the grips holding the GPV on the flyover, its diameter will slowly grow due to the lifting force, and each of its running metre will rise above the Earth. Since the shape of the circle corresponds to minimum of energy, the vehicle that previously copied the flyover profile, will take the shape of an ideal ring after lifting.
Although, after lifting above the flyover, the GPV will be given to the will of the air currents, they will not have any impact on its work. Calculations show that the unsupported vehicle has unique flexural rigidity and stability, thanks to the movement of an endless belt, which static structures will never have. The analysis shows that the ascended vehicle will be in equilibrium only if its total kinetic energy equals the energy of a body of the same mass moving with the first cosmic velocity.
If the total energy is more, the diameter of the ring will begin to increase; if the total energy is less, the diameter will decrease. Then, in order to lift the GPV, the initial kinetic energy (the belt is accelerated on the Earth to a higher speed) should be either in excess, or in the process of lifting, the vehicle’s mass should be reduced by dropping ballast, but preferably, there should be combination of both. Environmentally friendly substances, such as water or pre-liquefied air, should be used as ballast; the total ballast outgo, when going up to the 300-km height, is about 10−100 kilograms per running metre of the ring. The GPV’s body stretching as its diameter increases, will be relatively small: the ring length will increase by 1.57% for every 100 kilometres of elevation above the Earth’s surface. The extension of the body is compensated by moving its blocks, the ends of which telescopically fit into each other and are interconnected, for example, by hydraulic cylinders. Infinite belts of linear electric motors will be extended due to their elastic stretching.
The speed of GPV’s lifting at any of the sections of the path can be set within wide limits: from pedestrian speed up to airplane speed, but the GPV is recommended to pass the atmospheric section at minimum speeds. After exiting the dense layers of the atmosphere, a reversible drive of the upper endless belt is switched on to the generator mode, and the belt will begin to brake, and the engine will generate electric current. This energy is switched to the engine of the second belt, which is turned on for direct mode. The bottom belt (having the same mass as the upper one), previously fixed relative to the body, begins to rotate in the opposite direction. Thus, the immutability of the kinetic energy of the GPV’s elements, rotating around the planet, is ensured in the process of launching, otherwise the ring may land back to the Earth.
The body of the GPV and everything that is attached to it, i. e the load, linear electric motors and the like, obeying the law of conservation of the angular momentum of the system, will come into rotation. It will begin spinning in the same direction as the upper endless belt, until it reaches a peripheral speed, equal to the first cosmic velocity, while its radial velocity drops to zero. After that, at an altitude of 400−600 kilometers, cargo and passengers are unloaded at the destination — the space necklace of the Earth, located at the same height.
GPV’s landing on the Earth, is carried out in the reverse order. In this way, the GPV will be launched into near space in one or two hours if overloads in it are taken at the level of modern airbuses at the moment of their take-off (acceleration of up to 2 m/s2
During the transport cycle, no external power supply is required — the GPV will have enough initial kinetic energy, which will be redistributed from the upper endless belt to the body, and during landing, will again be given to the belt. The energy of the space cargo, delivered to the Earth, will also join it. On the way to space and back, or in the intervals between the flights, the GPV will receive such amount of energy, which with a large reserve will provide its own needs for it. In addition to the described source of energy: the energy of the space load, there are three more sources: solar energy received through solar panels, currents of the ionosphere and the energy of the Earth’s rotation around its axis. The GPV will accumulate the received energy either in its endless belts, or pass it on to the Earth. By Anatoliy Yunitskiy’s estimation, the total weight of the GPV will be 1.6 million tons (40 tons per running metre), its carrying capacity — 200 million tons (5 tons per metre), passenger capacity — 200 million people. The estimated number of the GPV’s entering space for a fifty-year service life is 10 thousand flights.